The computing processes

Formal cause

thread vs event

PID

PIDTYPE_PID
task->pid: thread id: unique
task->tgid: task group id: child thread share parent’s tgid
Check copy_process

kthread - Kernel thread

active_mm
kernel_thead->kthread->do_exit
#define PF_KTHREAD 0x00200000
#define PF_KSWAPD 0x00020000
#define PF_IDLE 0x00000002 /* I am an IDLE thread /
#define PF_VCPU 0x00000010 /
I’m a virtual CPU /
#define PF_WQ_WORKER 0x00000020 /
I’m a workqueue worker */
PID: 197 TASK: ffff8bc8dd350480 CPU: 0 COMMAND: “kswapd0”
flags = 0xa20840,
PID: 19 TASK: ffff8bc214160780 CPU: 1 COMMAND: “kworker/1:0H”
flags = 0x4208060,
crash> task -R flags
PID: 0 TASK: ffffffff880134c0 CPU: 0 COMMAND: “swapper/0”
flags = 0x200102,
PID: 0 TASK: ffff8bc21476c500 CPU: 14 COMMAND: “swapper/14”
flags = 0x200042,

task => kthread

to_kthread and vfork_done
commit 63706172f332fd3f6e7458ebfb35fa6de9c21dc5
Author: Oleg Nesterov oleg@redhat.com
Date: Wed Jun 17 16:27:45 2009 -0700

kthread and worker

kthread->data

worker is rescuer?

current_is_workqueue_rescuer and worker->rescue_wq

Insepct process status

do_task_stat
Kernel mapping: tgid_base_stuff show_map_vma

Protection

3A: Chaper 5

idle kernel stack

master idle进程的kernel stack在init/init_task.c:init_thread_union
this_cpu_write(kernel_stack,(unsigned long)task_stack_page(next_p) +THREAD_SIZE);
this_cpu_write(cpu_current_top_of_stack,(unsigned long)task_stack_page(next_p) +THREAD_SIZE);
主处理器上的idle由原始进程(pid=0)演变而来。从处理器上的idle由init进程fork得到,但是它们的pid都为0 init_idle.

Zombie process

forked child not reaped by parent will hooked in process list.
if parent was killed and exit will repaped.

Context switch

Evolution of the x86 context switch in Linux
Al Viro’s new execve/kernel_thread design

call+jump+ret - 0100301bfdf56a2a370c7157b5ab0fbf9313e1cd

((last) = __switch_to_asm((prev), (next))); #=====> call
jmp __switch_to #=====> jmp + ret
Why does switch_to use push+jmp+ret to change EIP, instead of jmp directly?

Wait example

#6 [ffff883f15637c90] proc_evict_inode at ffffffff812696fd
#7 [ffff883f15637ca0] evict at ffffffff8121cded
#8 [ffff883f15637cc0] __dentry_kill at ffffffff812194b6
#9 [ffff883f15637ce0] shrink_dentry_list at ffffffff8121a0c0
#10 [ffff883f15637d10] d_invalidate at ffffffff8121a8c8
#11 [ffff883f15637d50] proc_flush_task at ffffffff8126e609
#12 [ffff883f15637dc0] release_task at ffffffff81081230
# wait_task_zombie
#13 [ffff883f15637e18] wait_consider_task at ffffffff81081c19
#14 [ffff883f15637e80] do_wait at ffffffff8108226d